Efficient Space–Time Signal Processing Scheme of Frequency Synchronization and Positioning for Sensor Networks

Yung Yi Wang*, Jian Rung Huang

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal Article peer-review

Abstract

The orthogonal frequency division multiple access (OFDMA) technique has been widely employed in sensor networks as the data modulation scheme. This study presents a one-dimensional (1D) space–time signal processing scheme for the joint estimation of direction of arrival (DOA) and carrier frequency offsets (CFOs) in OFDMA uplink systems. The proposed approach, initiated by a one-dimensional ESPRIT algorithm, involves estimating the DOAs of the received signal to identify subscriber positions. Spatial beamformers are then used to suppress multiple access interference and separate each subscriber’s signal from the received signal. The outputs of the spatial beamformer are decimated to estimate the CFO of each subscriber. Compared with conventional two-dimensional parameter estimation algorithms, the proposed one-dimensional algorithm has a higher estimation accuracy and significantly lower computational complexity.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2115
JournalSensors
Volume23
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 13 02 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 by the authors.

Keywords

  • DOA-CFO estimation
  • MIMO-OFDMA
  • beamforming

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