Epileptiform Discharge and Electrographic Seizures during the Hypothermia Phase as Predictors of Rewarming Seizures in Children after Resuscitation.

KL Lin, JJ Lin, MH Hsu, SH Hsia, YJ Lin, HS Wang, Ho-Chang Kuo, MC Chiang, OW Chan, EP Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal Article peer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

The aim of this study was to determine the frequency, timing, and predictors of rewarming seizures in a cohort of children undergoing therapeutic hypothermia after resuscitation. We retrospectively reviewed consecutive pediatric patients undergoing therapeutic hypothermia after resuscitation admitted to our pediatric intensive care unit between January 2000 and December 2019. Continuous electroencephalographic monitoring was performed during hypothermia (24 h for cardiac aetiologies and 72 h for asphyxial aetiologies), rewarming (72 h), and then an additional 12 h of normothermia. Thirty comatose children undergoing therapeutic hypothermia after resuscitation were enrolled, of whom 10 (33.3%) had rewarming seizures. Two (20%) of these patients had their first seizure during the rewarming phase. Four (40%) patients had electroclinical seizures, and six (60%) had nonconvulsive seizures. The median time from starting rewarming to the onset of rewarming seizures was 37.3 h (range 6 to 65 h). The patients with interictal epileptiform activity and electrographic seizures during the hypothermia phase were more likely to have rewarming seizures compared to those without interictal epileptiform activity or electrographic seizures ( = 0.019 and 0.019, respectively). Therefore, in high-risk patients, continuous electroencephalographic monitoring for a longer duration may help to detect rewarming seizures and guide clinical management.
Original languageAmerican English
JournalJournal of Clinical Medicine
Volume9
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - 2020

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