Essential role of DAP12 signaling in macrophage programming into a fusion-competent state

Laura Helming, Elena Tomasello, Themis R. Kyriakides, Fernando O. Martinez, Toshiyuki Takai, Siamon Gordon*, Eric Vivier

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal Article peer-review

93 Scopus citations


Multinucleated giant cells, formed by fusion of macrophages, are a hallmark of granulomatous inflammation. With a genetic approach, we show that signaling through the adaptor protein DAP12 (DNAX activating protein of 12 kD), its associated receptor triggering receptor expressed by myeloid cells 2 (TREM-2), and the downstream protein tyrosine kinase Syk is required for the cytokineinduced formation of giant cells and that overexpression of DAP12 potentiates macrophage fusion. We also present evidence that DAP12 is a general macrophage fusion regulator and is involved in modulating the expression of several macrophage-associated genes, including those encoding known mediators of macrophage fusion, such as DC-STAMP and Cadherin 1. Thus, DAP12 is involved in programming of macrophages through the regulation of gene and protein expression to induce a fusion-competent state.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberra11
JournalScience Signaling
Issue number43
StatePublished - 28 10 2008
Externally publishedYes


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