Evaluation of Infective Endocarditis in Children: A 19-Year Retrospective Study in Taiwan

Shao Ju Chien, Yi Ju Tseng, Ying Hua Huang, Hsi Yun Liu, Yi Hua Wu, Ling Sai Chang, Yao Hsu Yang, Ying Jui Lin*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal Article peer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Infective endocarditis (IE) is an important cause of morbidity and mortality in pediatric patients with heart disease. Little literature has explored differences in the presentation of endocarditis in children with and without heart disease. This study aimed to compare the clinical outcomes and determine the risk of in-hospital death in the study population.

METHODS: Data were retrospectively collected from 2001 to 2019 from the Chang Gung Research Database (CGRD), which is the largest collection of multi-institutional electronic medical records in Taiwan. Children aged 0-20 years with IE were enrolled. We extracted and analyzed the demographic and clinical features, complications, microbiological information, and outcomes of each patient.

RESULTS: Of the 208 patients with IE, 114 had heart disease and 94 did not. Compared to those without heart disease, more streptococcal infections (19.3% vs. 2.1%, p < 0.001) and cardiac complications (29.8% vs. 6.4%, p < 0.001) were observed in patients with heart disease. Although patients with heart disease underwent valve surgery more frequently (43.9% vs. 8.5%, p < 0.001) and had longer hospital stays (28.5 vs. 12.5, p = 0.021), their mortality was lower than that of those without heart disease (3.5% vs. 10.6%, p = 0.041). Thrombocytopenia was independent risk factor for in-hospital mortality in pediatric patients with IE (OR = 6.56, 95% CI: 1.43-40.37).

CONCLUSION: Among pediatric patients diagnosed with IE, microbiological and clinical features differed between those with and without heart disease. Platelet counts can be used as a risk factor for in-hospital mortality in pediatric patients with IE.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2298
JournalJournal of Clinical Medicine
Volume12
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 15 03 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 by the authors.

Keywords

  • heart diseases
  • infective endocarditis
  • pediatrics
  • prognosis

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