Expression of Eosinophilic Subtype Markers in Patients with Kawasaki Disease

Ling Sai Chang, Kuang Den Chen, Ying Hsien Huang, Ho Chang Kuo*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal Article peer-review

1 Scopus citations


Purpose: Eosinophils may rise to a higher level in the acute phase of Kawasaki disease (KD) both before and after intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) therapy. A substantial body of research was carried out on the association between KD and allergic diseases. Eosinophils play an important role in type 2 inflammation. Recent studies have shown that there are two distinct subtypes of eosinophils. In addition to their role in inflammation, lung-resident eosinophils (rEOS) also regulate homeostasis. Inflammatory eosinophils (iEOS) reflect type 2 inflammation in tissues. iEOS were considered the primary eosinophils in non-severe allergic asthma, while rEOS were thought to be the primary eosinophils in severe non-allergic eosinophilic asthma. This case–control study aimed to investigate the marker expression of eosinophilic subtypes in KD patients. Materials and Methods: The marker expressions of eosinophilic subtypes in the leukocytes of patients with KD were evaluated by the recently established KDmarkers online tool, a web server including gene expression data. Finally, the results were validated with a quantitative reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). We analyzed the mRNA expression levels of SELL and IL10RA in leukocytes from KD patients and febrile children. Results: Included in our screening tools were transcriptome arrays, which provided clues showing the importance of rEOS, whose role was identified by three genes (lower IL10RA, higher SELL, and SERPINB1 than controls). In contrast, the iEOS representative gene CD101 was not elevated in KD. It was found that the gene IL10RA, a marker of inflammatory eosinophilic leukocytes, was more highly expressed in the leukocytes of KD patients (n = 43) than febrile controls (n = 32), especially those without coronary artery lesions (CAL) (n = 26). Before treatment, SELL expression was higher in leukocytes of CAL patients (CAL, 1.33 ± 0.18, n = 39; non-CAL, 0.87 ± 0.12, n = 55; p = 0.012). SELL was significantly higher after half a year compared to febrile controls. Conclusions: To our knowledge, this is the first study to demonstrate that KD patients have increased SELL than febrile controls after 6 months of treatment. We present evidence here that dynamically different eosinophilic involvement exists between KD patients with and without CAL. The role of eosinophilic subtypes in KD patients warrants further investigation.

Original languageEnglish
Article number10093
JournalInternational Journal of Molecular Sciences
Issue number17
StatePublished - 09 2022

Bibliographical note

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© 2022 by the authors.


  • IVIG
  • Kawasaki disease
  • allergic diseases
  • coronary artery lesions
  • eosinophils


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