Extended-gate field-effect transistor packed in micro channel for glucose, urea and protein biomarker detection

Yen Heng Lin*, Chih Pin Chu, Chen Fu Lin, Hsin Hao Liao, Hann Huei Tsai, Ying Zong Juang

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal Article peer-review

21 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study developed a packaging method to integrate the extended-gate field-effect transistor (EGFET) into a microfluidic chip as a biological sensor. In addition, we present two immobilization approaches for the bio-recognition that are appropriate to this chip, allowing it to measure the concentrations of hydrogen ions, glucose, urea, and specific proteins in a solution. Alginate-calcium microcubes were used to embed the enzymes and magnetic powder (enzyme carrier). When the sensing chip needs the enzyme for the catalytic reaction, the alginate microcubes containing the corresponding enzymes enter through the flow channel and are immobilized on the EGFET surface with an external magnet. High sensing performance of the chip is achieved, with 37.45 mV/mM for measuring hydrogen ions at pH 6–8 with a linearity of 0.9939, 7.00 mV/mM for measuring glucose with a linearity of 0.9962, and 8.01 mV/mM for measuring urea with a linearity of 0.9809. In addition, based on the principle of the immunoassay, the magnetic beads with the specific antibody were used to capture the target protein in the sample. Then, negatively charged DNA fragments bound to a secondary antibody were used to amplify the signal for EGFET measurement. The magnetic beads with completed immune response bonding were then fixed on the surface of the sensor by an external magnetic field. Therefore, the measured object can directly contact the sensor surface, and quantitative detection of the protein concentration can be achieved. Apolipoprotein A1 (APOA1) was detected as a target protein, with a minimum detection limit of approximately 12.5 ng/mL.

Original languageEnglish
Article number111
Pages (from-to)1-9
Number of pages9
JournalBiomedical Microdevices
Volume17
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 01 12 2015

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2015, Springer Science+Business Media New York.

Keywords

  • Enzyme immobilization
  • Extended-gate field-effect transistor
  • Microfluidic
  • Protein

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