Fabrication and comparison of PP (blend)-based (nano)composites - Effect of PP matrix flow property

Fang Chyou Chiu*, Cheng En Lee, Chen Tsyr Lo

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal Article peer-review

7 Scopus citations


Polypropylene (PP) blend-based nanocomposites were prepared using two PPs, namely, PP30 and PP90, which have different flow properties. A low density polyethylene (LDPE) was mixed with PP in the blend-based composites, and an organo-montmorillonite (15A) was used as a nano-filler. 15A was dispersed more finely in the high-viscosity PP30-based matrix, due to a more efficient intensive mixing, than in the low-viscosity PP90-based matrix. The nanocomposites were achieved with the presence of a maleated polyolefin (EPMA) compatibilizer. 15A retarded the crystallization of both PPs in the (nano)composites. The crystallization onset temperature of PP dropped by 9.4 °C and 8.4 °C, respectively, in the PP30- and PP90-based nanocomposites at 40 °C min-1 cooling rate. The melting temperature of the two PPs increased in the nanocomposites, wherein PP30 exhibited a slightly higher degree of increase than PP90. The PP30-based nanocomposite exhibited a higher degree of enhancement in thermal stability than the PP90-based nanocomposite. The degradation temperature of PP at 10% weight loss raised by 39.1 °C and 30.4 °C, respectively, for PP30- and PP90-based nanocomposites in air. The presence of EPMA caused a significant increase (more than 10 folds) in the impact strength of the nanocomposites compared to neat PPs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)580-589
Number of pages10
JournalMaterials Chemistry and Physics
Issue number2-3
StatePublished - 15 05 2013


  • Composite materials
  • Nanostructures
  • Polymers
  • Thermal properties


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