Feasibility and Design Factors for Home-Based Pulmonary Rehabilitation of Patients With Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease and Chronic Lung Diseases Based on a People-Object-Environment Framework: Qualitative Interview Study

Shih Ying Chien*, Alice May Kuen Wong, Winston Tseng, Han Chung Hu, Hsiu Ying Cho

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal Article peer-review

Abstract

Background: The feasibility of implementing home-based pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) can be assessed from the perspectives of patients with chronic lung disease and health care professionals involved in PR. Objective: Through a qualitative inquiry using interviews and the adoption of the people-object-environment framework, this study aims to understand the influences of interpersonal, environmental, and situational factors on the perceptions and considerations of individuals involved in home-based PR for patients with chronic lung disease. Methods: One-on-one interviews were conducted with 20 patients with chronic lung disease and 20 health care professionals for investigating their attitudes and opinions based on their experiences regarding home-based PR as well as for identifying the key factors affecting the benefits and drawbacks of such therapies. This study further evaluates the feasibility of using digital tools for medical diagnosis and treatment by examining the technology usage of both parties. Results: The 4 key issues that all participants were the most concerned about were as follows: distance to outpatient medical care, medical efficiency, internet connectivity and equipment, and physical space for diagnosis and treatment. Interviews with patients and health care professionals revealed that the use of technology and internet was perceived differently depending on age and area of residence. Most participants reported that digital tools and internet connectivity had many benefits but still could not solve all the problems; moreover, these same digital tools and network transmission could lead to problems such as information security and digital divide concerns. This study also emphasizes the significant impact of human behavior and thinking on shaping the design of health care interventions and technologies. Understanding user perspectives and experiences is crucial for developing effective solutions for unmet needs. Conclusions: The results of this study indicate that despite the different perspectives of patients and health care professionals, their considerations of the key issues are very similar. Therefore, the implementation of plans related to telemedicine diagnosis, treatment, or rehabilitation should take the suggestions and considerations of both parties into account as crucial factors for telehealth care design.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere51150
Pages (from-to)e51150
JournalJMIR Human Factors
Volume11
DOIs
StatePublished - 07 03 2024

Bibliographical note

©Shih-Ying Chien, Alice May-Kuen Wong, Winston Tseng, Han-Chung Hu, Hsiu-Ying Cho. Originally published in JMIR Human Factors (https://humanfactors.jmir.org), 07.03.2024.

Keywords

  • chronic lung diseases
  • home-based pulmonary rehabilitation
  • remote health care
  • telehealth
  • Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive/diagnosis
  • Telemedicine
  • Humans
  • Qualitative Research
  • Feasibility Studies

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