Female lung cancer mortality and sex ratios at birth near a petroleum refinery plant

Chun Yuh Yang*, Bi Hua Cheng, Te Yao Hsu, Shang Shyue Tsai, Chung Feng Hung, Trong Neng Wu

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal Article peer-review

41 Scopus citations


This study was conducted to assess whether female mortality from lung cancer is associated with residence in communities adjacent to a petroleum refinery plant and whether petroleum air pollution could affect the sex ratios of births. The Kaohsiung Refinery of the Chinese Petroleum Corp. is the oldest oil refinery in Taiwan and is located between the Tso-Ying and the Nan-Tzu municipalities. Standardized mortality ratios (SMRs) for female lung cancer and sex ratios of births were calculated for each municipality for the years 1971-1996. Cumulative-sum techniques were used to detect the occurrence of changes in the SMRs. The study results show that mortality from female lung cancer rose gradually about 39 to 37 years after the operation of a petroleum refinery plant began. However, the association between exposure to the petroleum air pollution and abnormal sex ratios at birth was not significant. (C) 2000 Academic Press.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)33-40
Number of pages8
JournalEnvironmental Research
Issue number1
StatePublished - 05 2000
Externally publishedYes


  • Air pollution
  • Epidemiology
  • Lung cancer
  • Petroleum
  • Sex ratios


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