Few-layer fluorine-functionalized graphene hole-selective contacts for efficient inverted perovskite solar cells

Chintam Hanmandlu, Mamina Sahoo, Chi Ching Liu, Hsin An Chen, Chun Wei Pao, Yun Chorng Chang, Chih Wei Chu*, Chao Sung Lai

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal Article peer-review

14 Scopus citations


Charge-selective contacts can play a critical role in enhancing the efficiency of perovskite solar cells (PSCs). In this study, we employed fluorine-functionalized graphene (FGr) layers having finely tunable energy levels as hole transport layers (HTLs) to improve the power conversion efficiency (PCE) and stability of inverted PSCs. The non-wetting surface of the FGr enhanced the crystallinity of organic–inorganic perovskites films with large aspect ratios, relative to that of poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene):polystyrenesulfonate (PEDOT:PSS). Combining the high work function of the HTL interface with the enhanced crystallinity and limited grain boundary area dramatically decreased the charge recombination losses in organic–inorganic trihalide perovskite (OTP) films. Thus, when incorporating FGr HTLs in inverted PSCs, the best PCE reached 19.34%—the highest efficiency reported to date for any PSC featuring a functionalized graphene HTL. Furthermore, we used this HTL to prepare flexible PSCs and obtained a highest efficiency of 17.50%. Therefore, this highly applicable and facile interface strategy using functionalized graphene HTLs provides stable PSCs displaying high PCEs.

Original languageEnglish
Article number132831
JournalChemical Engineering Journal
StatePublished - 15 02 2022

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