Flame spread and interactions in an array of thin solids in low-speed concurrent flows

Hsin Yi Shih*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal Article peer-review

16 Scopus citations


Flame spread in an array of thin solids in low-speed concurrent flows was investigated and numerical solved. A previous steady, two-dimensional flame-spread model with flame radiation was employed and adapted in this work. The flame structures of spreading flames between parallel solids were demonstrated and some of the features were presented, including flow channelling effect and flame radiation interactions. The channelling effect is caused by flow confinement by the presence of the other solids; the flows through the hot combustion gases are accelerated downstream drastically. Radiation interactions between flames and solids contributed to a less heat-loss system, and radiation re-absorption by flames resulted in a larger flame with higher temperature, which increased the conductive heat fluxes to the solids and flame spread rate. Consequently, the extinction limit for the interacting flames is extended beyond the low-speed quenching limit for a single flame. The influence of the separation distance on the flame spread rate was also studied, which exhibits a non-monotonic behaviour. At larger separation distance, the flame spread rate increases with decreasing the separation distance owing to the channelling effect and radiation interactions. However, at very small separation distance, the flame spreading rate decreases with decreasing the distance because of the limited space for thermal expansion and flow résistance between solids.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)443-459
Number of pages17
JournalCombustion Theory and Modelling
Issue number3
StatePublished - 06 2009


  • Flame interactions
  • Flame radiation
  • Flame spread
  • Microgravity combustion
  • Solid fuel combustion


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