Gain affected by the interior shape of the ear canal

Jen Fang Yu*, Yen Sheng Chen, Wei De Cheng

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal Article peer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective. This study investigated the correlation of gain distribution and the interior shape of the human external ear canal. Study Design. Cross-sectional study of gain measurement at the first bend and second bend. Setting. Chang Gung Memorial Hospital and Chang Gung University. Subjects and Methods. There were 15 ears in patients aged between 20 and 30 years (8 men/7 women) with normal hearing and middle ears. Stimulus frequencies of 500, 1000, 2000, 3000, and 4000 Hz were based on the standard clinical hearing test. Measurements closer to the tympanic membrane and the positions at the first and second bends were confirmed by using otoscope. Real ear measurement to analyze the canal resonance in human external ears was adopted. Results. This study found that gain at stimulus frequencies of 4000 Hz was affected by the interior shape of the ear canal (P < .005), particularly at the first and second bends, whereas gain was only affected by the length of the ear canal for stimulus frequencies of 2000 Hz (P < .005). Conclusion. This study found that gain was affected not only by the length of the external auditory canal (EAC) but also by the interior shape of the EAC significantly. The findings of this study may have potential clinical applications in canalplasty and congenital aural atresia surgery and may be used to guide surgeries that attempt to reshape the ear canal to achieve more desirable hearing outcomes.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)945-949
Number of pages5
JournalOtolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery (United States)
Volume144
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 06 2011

Keywords

  • Ear canal resonance
  • External auditory canal
  • First bend
  • Gain
  • Second bend

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