Generational differences in the structure of the CES-D scale in Mexican Americans

J. Liang, T. V. Tran, N. Krause, K. S. Markides

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal Article peer-review

85 Scopus citations


This study examines differences in the structure of the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression (CES-D) scale across three generations of Mexican Americans. The covariance structure of the items was viewed as a function of several parameter matrices. Factorial invariance was evaluated by testing a series of hypothesis involving equivalence constraints on one or more parameter matrices. The findings revealed that the proposed 12-item model fits the data within each of the three generations adequately. Although no generational differences in factor loadings were revealed, structural variations of the CES-D in measurement error variances were found. Measurement error variances associated with certain items in the older generation are significantly greater than those in the middle-aged and young generations. In addition, socioeconomic characteristics, acculturation, and health status fail to explain the observed differences in the structure of the CES-D among the three generations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)S110-S120
JournalJournals of Gerontology
Issue number3
StatePublished - 1989
Externally publishedYes


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