Genetic and Epigenetic Perturbations by DNMT3A-R882 Mutants Impaired Apoptosis through Augmentation of PRDX2 in Myeloid Leukemia Cells

Rabindranath Bera, Ming Chun Chiu, Ying Jung Huang, Der Cherng Liang, Yun Shien Lee, Lee Yung Shih*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal Article peer-review

15 Scopus citations

Abstract

DNA methyltransferase 3A (DNMT3A) is mutated in various myeloid neoplasms including acute myeloid leukemia (AML), especially at the Arg882 and associated with inferior outcomes. Here, we report that the DNMT3A-Arg882His/Cys (R882H/C) mutations led to inactivation of apoptosis through DNA damage signaling following the impairment of differentiation of myeloid leukemia cells. Gene expression profiling analysis revealed aberrant expression of several cell-cycle and apoptosis-related genes, and the DNA methylation assay identified both hypo- and hypermethylation features in different regions throughout the whole genome of DNMT3A mutants-transduced myeloid cells. We found that DNMT3A-R882H/C mutations upregulated the expression of an antioxidant protein, pyroxiredoxin-2 (PRDX2), at the mRNA and protein levels with decreased accumulation of reactive oxygen species (ROS). Augmentation of ROS generation by ROS accumulating agent or by knockdown of PRDX2 from myeloid cells effectively increased drug sensitivity and apoptosis as a consequence of reduced cell proliferation. DNMT3A-R882C/H mutations decreased apoptosis induction in part by increasing the antioxidant capacity of the cell owing to upregulation of PRDX2. Molecularly, both DNMT3A-WT and R882H/C mutants interacted with PRDX2; and R882C/H mutation-induced hypomethylation increased PRDX2 expression which enhanced cell proliferation and growth with impairment of apoptosis, thereby contributing to leukemogenesis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1106-1120
Number of pages15
JournalNeoplasia (United States)
Volume20
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - 11 2018

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2018 The Authors

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Genetic and Epigenetic Perturbations by DNMT3A-R882 Mutants Impaired Apoptosis through Augmentation of PRDX2 in Myeloid Leukemia Cells'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this