Genome-Wide Association Study for eGFR in a Taiwanese Population

Ying Chun Chen, Henry Sung Ching Wong, Mei Yi Wu, Wan Hsuan Chou, Chih Chin Kao, Ching Hsuan Chao, Wei Chiao Chang*, Mai Szu Wu*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal Article peer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background and objectives Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a global public health issue associated with large economic burdens. CKD contributes to higher risks of cardiovascular complications, kidney failure, and mortality. The incidence and prevalence rates of kidney failure in Taiwan have remained the highest in the world. Design, setting, participants, & measurements Assessing genetic factors that influence kidney function in specific populations has substantial clinical relevance. We investigated associations of genetic variants with eGFR. The quality control filtering and genotype imputation resulted in 10,008 Taiwan Biobank participants and 6,553,511 variants for final analyses. We examined these loci with in silico replication in individuals of European and African ancestry. Results Our results revealed one significant locus (4q21.1) and three suggestive significant loci (17q23.2, 22q13.2, and 3q29) for eGFR in the Taiwanese population. In total, four conditional-independent single nucleotide polymorphisms were identified as the most important variants within these regions, including rs55948430 (Coiled-Coil Domain Containing 158), rs1010269 (BCAS3), rs56108505 (MKL1), and rs34796810 (upstream of DLG1). By performing a meta-analysis, we found that the 4q21.1 and 17q23.2 loci were successfully replicated in the European population, whereas only the 17q23.2 locus was replicated in African ancestry. Therefore, these two loci are suggested to be transethnic loci, and the other two eGFR-associated loci (22q13.2 and 3q29) are likely population specific. Conclusions We identified four susceptibility loci on 4q21.1, 17q23.2, 22q13.2, and 3q29 that associated with kidney-related traits in a Taiwanese population. The 22q13.2 (MKL1) and 3q29 (DLG1) were prioritized as critical candidates. Functional analyses delineated novel pathways related to kidney physiology in Taiwanese and East Asian ancestries.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1598-1608
Number of pages11
JournalClinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology
Volume17
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - 11 2022
Externally publishedYes

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