Glyme-based electrolyte formulation analysis in aprotic lithium-oxygen battery and its cyclic stability

Michael Tang, Jia Cheng Chang, S. Rajesh Kumar, Shingjiang Jessie Lue*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal Article peer-review

14 Scopus citations

Abstract

In this work, the effect of electrolyte composition was evaluated on lithium-oxygen (Li–O2) battery using carbon cloth air electrode. Seven ether-based solvents were measured for their conductivity, viscosity, contact angle and decomposition temperature. The results were compiled with other physical properties to screen potential solvents for future testing. Diglyme and tetraglyme were identified and each of them was individually mixed with one of four lithium salts, yielding eight combinations of electrolytes. These electrolytes were assembled into Li–O2 batteries and the voltage and capacity data were recorded during cycling discharge/charge test. The effects of organic electrolyte physical properties on the battery impedance and cyclic life were discussed. Among the eight electrolytes, lithium bis(trifluoromethane) sulfonimide (LiTFSI) in tetraethylene glycol dimethyl ether (tetraglyme) resulted in the longest cyclic life at a discharge capacity cutoff of 2000 mAh gPt−1 than other compositions. This performance may be ascribed to the electrolyte's high conductivity, sufficient viscosity and suitable contact angle with the air electrode.

Original languageEnglish
Article number115926
JournalEnergy
Volume187
DOIs
StatePublished - 15 11 2019

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019 Elsevier Ltd

Keywords

  • Aprotic electrolyte
  • Cycling test
  • Impedance analysis
  • Lithium-air battery

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