Grip and pinch strength in Chinese adults and their relationship with anthropometric factors.

C. K. Chong*, C. H. Tseng, M. K. Wong, T. Y. Tai

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal Article peer-review

28 Scopus citations

Abstract

In this study, we evaluated the correlation of four types of hand strength (hand grip, tip pinch, palmar pinch and key pinch) with age, sex, body weight, body height, body mass index, triceps skinfold thickness, mid-arm circumference and mid-forearm circumference in a group of 437 Chinese adults (195 men and 242 women) who ranged in age from 28 to 78 years. All of the hand strengths studied correlated positively with gender, body weight, body height, mid-arm and mid-forearm circumference and negatively with age and triceps skinfold thickness in the analyses of simple correlation coefficients. Men were found to be more powerful than women in all hand strength types in different age groups. The magnitude of strength decline with age was more prominent in grip strength than pinch strength including palmar, tip and key. Stepwise multiple regression analyses showed that sex, age and mid-forearm circumference were most predictive of all types of hand strength. Body height was an additional independent predictor of grip and palmar pinch. Body mass index, body weight, mid-arm circumference and triceps skinfold thickness were not independent predictors associated with hand strength.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)616-621
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of the Formosan Medical Association
Volume93
Issue number7
StatePublished - 07 1994
Externally publishedYes

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