Heat preconditioning ameliorates hepatocyte viability after cold preservation and rewarming, and modulates its immunoactivity

Ying Hsien Kao, Shigeru Goto, Bruno Jawan, Toshiaki Nakano, Li Wen Hsu, Yu Chun Lin, Mei Chun Pan, Chia Yun Lai, Cheuk Kuan Sun, Yu Fan Cheng, Ming Hong Tai, Hung Tu Huang, Chao Long Chen*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal Article peer-review

10 Scopus citations


Background: Heat preconditioning significantly preserved liver graft function after cold preservation in animal experimental model. The elevation of heat shock protein 70 (HSP70) was claimed to play a critical role in protecting grafts against cold preservation-induced hepatocyte apoptosis. However, little is known about whether HSP70 also plays an immunomodulatory role in cold preserved cells. This study aimed at investigating the relationship between HSP70 protein and the immunoactivity in response to lipopolysaccharide (LPS) stimulation. Methods and results: A normal rat hepatocyte cell line was preserved with University of Wisconsin (UW) solution, Ringer's lactate solution (RL), and phosphate-buffered saline (PBS) at 4 °C. No significant morphological alteration was noted in UW-preserved cells after 24 h through phase-contrast microscopic observation and fluorescent viability stain. Western blotting showed a two-fold increase in the ratio of HSP70/Bax proteins in cells after 24 h of UW preservation. Heat preconditioning significantly enhanced the recovery of lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) activity in both RL- and UW-preserved cells that were stored for a period of 12 h or less. Moreover, heat preconditioning promoted HSP70 and NF-κB p50 nuclear translocation and suppressed the LPS-induced nuclear p50 accumulation in cells before UW preservation. Immunofluorescent stain revealed that the LPS-induced p50 protein redistribution to nuclear membrane might contribute to NF-κB activation, while heat preconditioning and UW cold preservation completely abrogated the p50 intranuclear redistribution. Thus NF-κB p50 might be responsible for the endotoxin tolerance induction. Conclusions: These findings strongly suggest that heat preconditioning not only preserves hepatocyte viability after cold preservation and rewarming, but also ameliorates its immunoactivity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)220-231
Number of pages12
JournalTransplant Immunology
Issue number3
StatePublished - 01 2008


  • Cold preservation
  • Heat shock protein 70
  • Lactate dehydrogenase activity
  • Lipopolysaccharide
  • NF-κB p50


Dive into the research topics of 'Heat preconditioning ameliorates hepatocyte viability after cold preservation and rewarming, and modulates its immunoactivity'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this