Heme oxygenase-1 induction by rosiglitazone via PKCα/AMPKα/p38 MAPKα/SIRT1/PPARγ pathway suppresses lipopolysaccharide-mediated pulmonary inflammation

Rou Ling Cho, Wei Ning Lin, Chen yu Wang, Chien Chung Yang, Li Der Hsiao, Chih Chung Lin*, Chuen Mao Yang

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal Article peer-review

36 Scopus citations

Abstract

HO-1 (heme oxygenase-1), an antioxidant enzyme, induced by rosiglitazone (PPAR ligands) can be a potential treatment of inflammation. However, the mechanisms of rosiglitazone-induced HO-1 expression in human pulmonary alveolar epithelial cells (HPAEpiCs) remain largely unknown. In this study, we found that upregulation of HO-1 in vitro or in vivo by rosiglitazone attenuated VCAM-1 gene expression and monocyte adhesion to HPAEpiCs challenged with lipopolysaccharide (LPS). The inhibitory effects of rosiglitazone on LPS-mediated responses were reversed by transfection with HO-1 siRNA. LPS-induced VCAM-1 expression was mediated through NF-κB activation which was attenuated by rosiglitazone via suppressing p65 activation and translocation into the nucleus. Moreover, pretreatment with the inhibitor of PKCs (H7), PKCα (Gö6976), AMPKα (Compound C), p38 MAPKα (p38i VIII), SIRT1 (Sirtinol), or PPARγ (T0070907) and transfection with siRNA of PKCα AMPKα p38 MAPKα SIRT1, or PPARγ abolished the rosiglitazone-induced HO-1 expression in HPAEpiCs. Further studies indicated that rosiglitazone stimulated SIRT1 deacetylase leading to PGC1α translocation from the cytosol into the nucleus, promoting fragmentation of NCoR and phosphorylation of PPARγ. Subsequently, PPARγ was activated by phosphorylation of PKCα AMPKα p38 MAPKα and SIRT1, which turned on transcription of HO-1 gene by binding to PPAR response element (PPRE) and enhancing PPARγ promoter activity. These results suggested that rosiglitazone-induced HO-1 expression is mediated through PKCα/AMPKα/p38 MAPKα/SIRT1-dependent deacetylation of Ac-PGC1α and fragmentation of NCoR/PPARγ activation in HPAEpiCs. Up-regulation of HO-1 protected against the inflammatory responses triggered by LPS, at least in part, through attenuation of NF-κB.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)222-237
Number of pages16
JournalBiochemical Pharmacology
Volume148
DOIs
StatePublished - 02 2018

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2018 Elsevier Inc.

Keywords

  • HO-1
  • NF-κB
  • PGC1α
  • PPARγ signaling
  • Rosiglitazone
  • SIRT1
  • VCAM-1

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Heme oxygenase-1 induction by rosiglitazone via PKCα/AMPKα/p38 MAPKα/SIRT1/PPARγ pathway suppresses lipopolysaccharide-mediated pulmonary inflammation'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this