Hepatitis B liver disease in cyclosporine-treated renal allograft recipients

Chiu Ching Huang*, Ming Kuen Lai, Man Tat Fong

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal Article peer-review

49 Scopus citations


To establish the impact of cyclosporine on the development of chronic hepatitis in hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg)-positive renal allograft recipients, the incidence and outcome of chronic hepatitis in 20 cyclo-sporine-treated patients (CsA group) were compared with 13 azathioprine-treated patients (AZA group). All 33 patients had a functioning graft for 2 years or longer. Twenty-nine of the 33 patients were HBsAg-positive prior to the initiation of hemodialysis. The difference in the incidence of chronic hepatitis between these 2 groups was not statistically significant (78.6% in the AZA group vs. 52.4% in the CsA group, P = 0.12). In the CsA group, 3 patients (15%) developed liver cirrhosis, and there was a 5% mortality. The AZA group had a 7.7% mortality, and 4 patients (30.8%) developed liver cirrhosis. Serial serum samples obtained from these 33 HBsAg- positive renal allograft recipients were analyzed for antibody to hepatitis D virus (anti-HD). Anti-HD was found in 3 patients. Two of them developed anti-HD seroconversion after renal transplantation during a mean follow-up of 4 years. All 3 patients developed chronic hepatitis and 2 of them have subsequently developed liver cirrhosis. There was a mortality of 6.1% in 33 HBsAg-positive patients compared with a 5.3% mortality in 57 HBsAg- negative renal allograft recipients. The difference was not statistically significant. We conclude from this study that (1) CsA-treated HBsAg-positive renal allograft recipients have a tendency to develop chronic hepatitis like AZA-treated patients; (2) HBsAg-positive patients have an increased risk of HDV superinfection after renal transplantation, and this may result in rapid progression to liver cirrhosis; (3) HBsAg-positive patients who acquire HBsAg prior to renal transplantation have a low overall mortality, including death due to liver disease, for a mean follow-up of 4 years.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)540-544
Number of pages5
Issue number3
StatePublished - 03 1990
Externally publishedYes


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