High performance dye-sensitized solar cells containing 1-methyl-3-propyl imidazolinium iodide-effect of additives and solvents

Vembu Suryanarayanan*, Kun Mu Lee, Jian Ging Chen, Kuo Chuan Ho

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal Article peer-review

32 Scopus citations

Abstract

In this work, the influences of redox electrolyte, additives and solvents on the photovoltaic performance of dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs) containing 1-methyl-3-propyl-imidazolinium iodide (MPII) as the electrolyte were investigated. An optimum conductivity of 20.31 mS cm-1 for 0.6 M MPII in acetonitrile (AN) was found out from the conductivity measurement. Diffusion coefficient of I3- and photocurrent density (JSC) of the DSSC varied with concentration of I2. Among the different inorganic and organic iodides as additives, the DSSC showed high performance with lithium iodide (LiI) and tetrabutylammonium iodide (TBAI), respectively. The performance of the DSSCs with different solvents was studied. From the EIS studies, it was inferred that the poor conversion efficiencies of the DSSCs were associated with high charge transfer resistance, noted along the TiO2/solvent interface. A high conversion efficiency of 6.7% (JSC of 14.8 mA cm-2, VOC of 0.74 V, fill factor (FF) 0.62 under one sun (AM 1.5)) was obtained for the DSSC containing the electrolyte composition of 0.6 M of MPII/0.2 M of LiI/0.06 M of I2/0.5 M of TBP in AN along with the incorporation of light scattering particles (TiO2 of 300 nm).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)146-152
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Electroanalytical Chemistry
Volume633
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 01 08 2009
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • 1-Methyl-3-propyl imidazolinium iodide
  • Additives and solvents
  • Dye-sensitized solar cell
  • Redox behavior

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