History of Falls, Dementia, Lower Education Levels, Mobility Limitations, and Aging Are Risk Factors for Falls among the Community-Dwelling Elderly: A Cohort Study.

Yan-Yuh Lee, Chien-Liang Chen, I-Chen Lee, I-Ching Lee, Nai-Ching Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal Article peer-review

16 Scopus citations

Abstract

Falling is a serious issue among elderly community dwellers, often resulting in disability. We aimed to investigate the risk factors for falls among elderly community dwellers. We recruited 232 participants from multiple community learning and care centers, who provided their information through questionnaires. They were divided into two groups, according to their falling events after a 1-year follow-up. Univariate and multivariate logistic regressions were used for statistical analysis. A total of 64 participants reported a fall at the 1-year follow-up. The falling group comprised older and single people with lower education levels, higher rates of dementia, a history of falls, lower scores on the Mini-Mental State Examination, and more disability functions when compared to the non-falling group (all < 0.05). The regression model showed that a history of falls (OR: 62.011; < 0.0001), lower education levels (OR: 4.088; = 0.039), mild dementia (OR: 20.729; = 0.028), older age (OR: 1.176; < 0.0001), walking for 300 m (OR: 4.153; = 0.030), and running for 30 m (OR: 3.402; = 0.015) were 1-year risk factors for falls. A history of falling, low education levels, aging, mild dementia, and certain mobility limitations were strong risk factors for future falling accidents in elderly Taiwanese community dwellers.
Original languageAmerican English
JournalInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Volume18
Issue number17
DOIs
StatePublished - 2021

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