How to create flow experience in exergames? Perspective of flow theory

Han Chung Huang, Thi Tuan Linh Pham, May Kuen Wong, Hsin Ying Chiu, Ya Hui Yang, Ching I. Teng*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal Article peer-review

50 Scopus citations


Exergames are popular computer applications. However, exergaming literature has insufficiently explained the formulation of user-experienced flow and what user needs may facilitate such a formulation, indicating a gap. To fill the gap, this study adopts the flow theory to construct a framework and examines how enjoyment and challenge impact the creation of flow, and how users’ need for achievement and need for exercise may facilitate it. We recruited 583 participants who were asked to play exergames and complete a survey. The analytical results indicate that exercise enjoyment is positively linked to flow, while the need for exercise strengthens such a link. Moreover, challenge is positively linked to flow, and the need for achievement strengthens that link. This study is the first using the flow theory to explain the process by which exergamers experience flow.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1288-1296
Number of pages9
JournalTelematics and Informatics
Issue number5
StatePublished - 08 2018

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2018 Elsevier Ltd


  • Achievement
  • Enjoyment
  • Exercise
  • Exergame
  • Flow
  • Structural equation modeling
  • Survey


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