Human Umbilical Cord Mesenchymal Stem Cells Extricate Bupivacaine-Impaired Skeletal Muscle Function via Mitigating Neutrophil-Mediated Acute Inflammation and Protecting against Fibrosis.

Wen-Hui Su, CJ Wang, HC Fu, CM Sheng, CC Tsai, JH Cheng, PC Chuang

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal Article peer-review

21 Scopus citations

Abstract

Skeletal muscle injury presents a challenging traumatological dilemma, and current therapeutic options remain mediocre. This study was designed to delineate if engraftment of mesenchymal stem cells derived from umbilical cord Wharton's jelly (uMSCs) could aid in skeletal muscle healing and persuasive molecular mechanisms. We established a skeletal muscle injury model by injection of myotoxin bupivacaine (BPVC) into quadriceps muscles of C57BL/6 mice. Post BPVC injection, neutrophils, the first host defensive line, rapidly invaded injured muscle and induced acute inflammation. Engrafted uMSCs effectively abolished neutrophil infiltration and activation, and diminished neutrophil chemotaxis, including Complement component 5a (C5a), Keratinocyte chemoattractant (KC), Macrophage inflammatory protein (MIP)-2, LPS-induced CXC chemokine (LIX), Fractalkine, Leukotriene B4 (LTB4), and Interferon-γ, as determined using a Quantibody Mouse Cytokine Array assay. Subsequently, uMSCs noticeably prevented BPVC-accelerated collagen deposition and fibrosis, measured by Masson's trichrome staining. Remarkably, uMSCs attenuated BPVC-induced Transforming growth factor (TGF)-β1 expression, a master regulator of fibrosis. Engrafted uMSCs attenuated TGF-β1 transmitting through interrupting the canonical Sma- And Mad-Related Protein (Smad)2/3 dependent pathway and noncanonical Smad-independent Transforming growth factor beta-activated kinase (TAK)-1/p38 mitogen-activated protein kinases signaling. The uMSCs abrogated TGF-β1-induced fibrosis by reducing extracellular matrix components including , , and . Most importantly, uMSCs modestly extricated BPVC-impaired gait functions, determined using CatWalk™ XT gait analysis. This work provides several innovative insights into and molecular bases for employing uMSCs to execute therapeutic potential through the elimination of neutrophil-mediated acute inflammation toward protecting against fibrosis, thereby rescuing functional impairments post injury.
Original languageAmerican English
JournalInternational Journal of Molecular Sciences
Volume20
Issue number17
DOIs
StatePublished - 2019

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