Hydrometrocolpos in Infants: Etiologies and Clinical Presentations

M.-C. Chen, Ying-Ling Chang, H.-C. Chao

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal Article peer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Hydrometrocolpos (HMC) is a rare condition where fluids or secretions accumulate in the vagina (hydrocolpos) or up to the uterus (hydrometrocolpos). This case series study reports three infants with different etiologies and presentations of HMC and aims to review literature for proper workup upon initial diagnosis. The first neonate antenatally presented with a huge cystic mass. HMC secondary to imperforate hymen was proved, and hymenotomy was performed at 2 days of age. The second participant presented with persistent urogenital sinus and hematopoietic chimerism, possibly due to transfusion from her twin brother via placenta anastomoses. At 2 months of corrected age, she had difficult defecating, and sonogram revealed HMC with normal appearance of uterus and ovaries. Regular follow-ups and surgical reconstruction will be conducted before puberty. The third patient had cloacal malformation and multiple congenital anomalies at birth. Vesicovaginal fistula-related HMC was detected and managed with surgical drainage in the neonate stage. The girl began menstruation with dysmenorrhea at 12 years. The image studies demonstrated hematometrocolpos secondary to left-side hemivaginal septum, uterine didelphy, and ipsilateral renal agenesis, indicating Herlyn–Werner–Wunderlich syndrome. HMC can be diagnosed easily via sonogram. Careful external genitalia examinations help to identify persistent urogenital sinus or cloacal malformation. Occasionally, the HMC may be part of syndrome manifestations or associated with sex chromosome anomalies. Clinicians may conduct surveillance of renal, cardiac, and skeletal systems as well as chromosome study for early diagnosis and management.
Original languageAmerican English
JournalChildren (Basel, Switzerland)
Volume9
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 2022

Keywords

  • Cloacal malformation
  • Cloacal malformation
  • Herlyn-Werner-Wunderlich syndrome
  • Herlyn-Werner-Wunderlich syndrome
  • Hydrometrocolpos
  • Hydrometrocolpos
  • Imperforate hymen
  • Imperforate hymen
  • Persistent urogenital sinus
  • Persistent urogenital sinus

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