Hyperbaric oxygen pretreatment attenuates hepatic reperfusion injury

Miin Fu Chen, Han Ming Chen, Steve W.N. Ueng, Ming Hwang Shyr*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal Article peer-review

95 Scopus citations

Abstract

Microcirculatory derangement, energy depletion and lipid peroxidation have been related to development of ischemia-reperfusion injury in the liver. This study investigates the effects of hyperbaric oxygen (HBO) on hepatic ischemia-reperfusion injury. Adult, male Sprague-Dawley rats were used. Three groups were evaluated: 1) sham-operated control (laparotomy only, no ischemia, no HBO), n = 8; 2) ischemia control (1-h ischemia, 2-h reperfusion, no HBO), n = 8; and 3) HBO pretreatment (100% oxygen, 2.5 atm absolute, 90 min) plus ischemia (1-h ischemia, 2-h reperfusion), n = 8. An in vivo microscope was used to investigate hepatic microcirculation. Tissue malondialdehyde (MDA) and adenosine triphosphate (ATP) were determined. In comparison with the ischemia control group, HBO significantly improved harmful insults following ischemia-reperfusion. HBO lessened adherent leukocyte count (6.00 ± 1.31 cells/200 μm vs 11.38 ± 2.88 cells/200 μm), and improved flow velocity (1.72 ± 0.26 mm/s vs 0.83 ± 0.19 mm/s) in post-sinusoidal venules. HBO also reduced MDA (1.04 ± 0.24 nmol/mg protein vs 2.24 ± 0.49 μmol/g protein), and increased ATP (2.03 ± 0.17 μmol/g wet wt vs 0.73 ± 0.11 μmol/g wet wt) levels. This study demonstrates that HBO before ischemia may ameliorate the ischemia-reperfusion injury of the liver in the rat model.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)110-116
Number of pages7
JournalLiver
Volume18
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 04 1998

Keywords

  • Energy
  • Free radical
  • Hyperbaric oxygenation
  • Ischemia-reperfusion
  • Liver
  • Microcirculation

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