Identifying differentially expressed genes associated with metastasis of follicular thyroid cancer by cDNA expression array

K. T. Chen, J. D. Lin, T. C. Chao, C. Hsueh, C. A. Chang, H. F. Weng, E. C. Chan*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal Article peer-review

39 Scopus citations

Abstract

Patients with follicular thyroid carcinoma have a higher incidence of metastasis than papillary thyroid carcinoma when thyroid cancer is diagnosed. The cDNA expression array technology is utilized herein to profile differentially expressed genes from metastatic human follicular thyroid carcinoma and reveal new tumor markers as well as target genes for therapeutic intervention. Tissue samples were obtained during surgical resection of the thyroid follicular carcinoma and metastatic tissue in the brain of the same patient. Two identical Atlas human cDNA expression arrays were hybridized with 32P-labeled cDNA probes derived from RNA of either primary thyroid cancer or metastatic tissue. Parallel analysis of the hybridized signals allowed us to identify the alteration of gene expression in the metastasis process. Eighteen genes significantly overexpressed and 40 genes significantly underexpressed were identified in the metastatic thyroid cancer. Genes that displayed an altered expression were associated with the processes of cell cycle regulation, apoptosis, DNA damage response, angiogenesis, cell adhesion and mobility, invasion, and immune response. An expression profile of genes that are associated with metastasis process of follicular thyroid cancer was also discussed. Further investigation is required to understand the precise relationship between the altered expression of these genes and the metastasis process of follicular thyroid cancer.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)41-46
Number of pages6
JournalThyroid
Volume11
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2001

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