Impact of diabetes on cardiomyocyte apoptosis and connexin43 gap junction integrity: Role of pharmacological modulation

Jiunn Jye Sheu, Li Teh Chang, Chiang Hua Chiang, Cheuk Kwan Sun, Nyuk Kong Chang, Ali A. Youssef, Chiung Jen Wu, Fan Yen Lee, Ho Kan Yip*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal Article peer-review

26 Scopus citations

Abstract

The integrity of myocardial structures plays a crucial role in signal transductions and cardiac function. The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that diabetes mellitus (DM) exerts adverse effects on the integrity of gap junctions (GJs) and induces cellular apoptosis in rat cardiomyocytes that can be abolished by simvastatin or losartan therapy. An experimental model of DM (induced by streptozocin 60 mg/kg body weight) in adult male rats (n = 24) was utilized to investigate the integrity of GJs containing connexin43 (Cx43) and the incidence of cellular apoptosis in the left ventricular myocardium. These rats were divided into 3 groups; group I (insulin therapy only), group II (insulin plus simvastatin 20 mg/kg/day), and group III (insulin plus losartan 20 mg/kg/day). Diabetic rats and 8 healthy rats (group IV) were sacrificed at 3 weeks following DM induction for immunofluorescence analysis. The experimental results demonstrated that the number of intact Cx43 GJs and the integrated area (μm2) constituted by clusters of Cx43 spots were significantly higher in groups II and IV than in group III, and in groups II-IV than in group I (all P values < 0.05). Additionally, the number of apoptotic bodies was remarkably higher in group I than in groups II-IV, and notably higher in groups II-III than in group IV (all P values < 0.05). Simvastatin is more effective than losartan at inhibiting the effects of DM on the integrity of myocardial ultrastructures. Both drugs effectively prevent cellular apoptosis in diabetic rat heart.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)233-245
Number of pages13
JournalInternational Heart Journal
Volume48
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 05 04 2007
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Apoptosis
  • Connexin43
  • Diabetes mellitus
  • Gap junction
  • Pharmacological modulation

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