Impact of steatosis on long-term histological outcome in chronic hepatitis C after antiviral therapy

Chao Hung Hung, Fang Ying Kuo, Jing Houng Wang, Sheng Nan Lu, Tsung Hui Hu, Chien Hung Chen, Chuan Mo Lee*, Hock Liew Eng

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal Article peer-review

16 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background/Aims: Steatosis is recognized as a cofactor influencing the presence and progression of fibrosis in chronic hepatitis C. It has been reported that antiviral therapy may reduce the progression of fibrosis and leads to regression in chronic hepatitis C patients achieving a sustained virological response (SVR). Whether steatosis might affect the long-term histological outcome of antiviral therapy remains unclear. Methods: One-hundred and sixty-one consecutive patients (genotype 1, n=76; genotype 2, n=73) receiving interferon-α2b and ribavirin were analysed. Ninety patients had paired biopsies with a mean interval of 29.1 ± 7.1 months. Results: Variables associated with baseline steatosis were higher body mass index (≥25, P=0.002) and higher fibrosis stage (≥2, P=0.019). Neither the presence nor the severity of steatosis was associated with SVR. Evaluation of paired biopsies showed no different distribution of steatosis evolution between patients with and without SVR (P=0.374). Among patients achieving a SVR, there was a significant difference in fibrosis changes between those with grade 0 or 1 steatosis and with grade 2 or 3 steatosis at post-treatment biopsy (-0.6 ± 1.2 vs 0.3 ± 1.3, P=0.041), whereas changes in histological activity index did not differ (-3.7 ± 2.6 vs -4.0 ± 2.9, P=0.740). Stepwise logistic regression analysis showed that SVR (odds ratio [OR]: 16.33, P=0.004) and grade 0 or 1 post-treatment steatosis (OR: 12.82, P=0.018) were independently associated with fibrosis regression. Conclusions: In patients with chronic hepatitis C, steatosis not only correlates with advanced fibrosis at baseline but also affects fibrosis regression after antiviral therapy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)483-489
Number of pages7
JournalAntiviral Therapy
Volume11
Issue number4
StatePublished - 2006

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