Impact on Macrolide Resistance of Genetic Diversity of Mycobacterium abscessus Species

Bor En Jong, Ting Shu Wu*, Nan Yu Chen, Cheng How Yang, Chin Chung Shu, Lih Shinn Wang, Tsu Lan Wu, Jang Jhih Lu, Cheng Hsun Chiu, Hsin Chih Lai, Wen Hung Chung

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal Article peer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Our previous study identified that the Mycobacterium abscessus subsp. abscessus T28 sequevar does not fully represent inducible macrolide resistance. Thus, we initiated a correlation study between genotypes and phenotypes. In total, 75 isolates from patients with skin and soft tissue infections were enrolled in the study. These strains were tested against 11 antimycobacterial agents using Sensitire RAPMYCO plates and the CLSI-recommended broth microdilution method. In order to analyze erm(41) and partial hsp65, rpoB, secA1, and rrl genes, bacterial genomic DNA was extracted from bacteria. The MEGA X software was used for phylogenetic analyses. The most active agents against most M. abscessus species were amikacin and tigecycline. Clarithromycin was effective toward M. abscessus subsp. massiliense and nearly all M. abscessus subsp. abscessus C28 sequevars. Two varieties of M. abscessus subsp. abscessus T28 sequevars did not represent inducible macrolide resistance. Most M. abscessus species showed intermediate susceptibility to cefoxitin and imipenem. Six additional agents were less effective against M. abscessus species. Following phylogenetic analyses, two outliers of M. abscessus subsp. abscessus T28 sequevars seem to represent no inducible macrolide resistance. In addition, we discovered genetic mosaicism of hsp65, rpoB, and secA1 in M. abscessus species was common. T28 sequevars of M. abscessus subsp. abscessus do not fully represent inducible macrolide resistance. The outlier of erm(41) phylogeny of the M. abscessus subsp. abscessus T28 sequevar is possibly due to macrolide susceptibility. Evaluation of the antimicrobial susceptibility of M. abscessus species is a reliable tool for assisting physicians in selecting the most effective antimycobacterial agent(s).

Original languageEnglish
JournalMicrobiology Spectrum
Volume10
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 11 2022

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
Copyright © 2022 Jong et al.

Keywords

  • antimycobacterial agents
  • genetic mosaicism
  • macrolide resistance
  • phylogenetic analysis

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