Improved femoral component rotation in advanced genu valgum deformity using computer-assisted measured resection total knee arthroplasty

Shih Jie Lin, Chien Ying Lee, Kuo Chin Huang, Kuo Ti Peng, Tsan Wen Huang*, Mel S. Lee, Robert Wen Wei Hsu, Wun Jer Shen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal Article peer-review

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Accurate femoral rotational alignment is of vital importance for successful total knee arthroplasty (TKA). The value of computer-assisted surgery TKA (CAS-TKA) in increasing the accuracy of femoral rotational alignment remains controversial. We hypothesize that outcomes are related to the severity of preoperative varus and valgus deformity and that CAS-TKA may be beneficial under certain circumstances. Methods: Between January 2007 and December 2013, patients with osteoarthritis and varus angulation in the mechanical axis (MA) ≥ 15° and valgus angulation in the MA ≥ 10° (based on hip-to-ankle standing radiography) who underwent TKA were divided into four groups. CAS-TKA and conventional TKA outcomes were compared in patients who had preoperative advanced genu varum and advanced genu valgum deformities. The accuracy of component alignment and postoperative limb alignment was determined using radiographic parameters and computed tomography (CT). Results: One hundred and eight patients (144 knees) were included in the analysis. For patients with preoperative advanced genu varum deformity, a significant difference was detected in the sagittal femoral angle (p < 0.001), but no significant improvement of femoral rotational alignment was noted (p = 0.127). In patients with preoperative advanced genu valgum deformity, a significant difference was found in the sagittal femoral angle (p = 0.034). The femoral rotational angle was significantly closer to the proper position in the CAS-TKA group (p < 0.001). When comparing the percentage of knees achieving the proper alignment, there was a decrease in the amount of outlier for the femoral rotational angle for CAS-TKA in advanced genu valgum deformity (p = 0.011). Conclusions: Our data demonstrate that CAS-TKA is beneficial in obtaining proper femoral rotational alignment in patients with advanced genu valgum deformity (preoperative MA ≥ 10° valgus). In patients with advanced genu varum deformity (preoperative MA ≥ 15° varus), CAS-TKA did not improve the femoral rotational alignment.

Original languageEnglish
Article number135
JournalJournal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
Volume10
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 02 09 2015

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2015 Lin et al.

Keywords

  • Computer-navigated
  • Genu valgus
  • Genu varus
  • Rotational alignment
  • Total knee arthroplasty

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