In situ magnetoelectric generation of nitric oxide and electric stimulus for nerve therapy by wireless chargeable molybdenum carbide octahedrons

Yi Chieh Chan, Ya Hui Lin, Hsiu Ching Liu, Ru Siou Hsu, Min Ren Chiang, Li Wen Wang, Tsu Chin Chou, Tsai Te Lu, I. Chi Lee, Li An Chu*, Shang Hsiu Hu*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal Article peer-review

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

Endogenous signals, such as nitric oxide (NO) and electrons, induce multifaceted physiological functions in the regulation of cell fate as well as vascular and neuronal systems. However, clinical difficulties exist due to the short half-life of NO and the lack of tools to spatiotemporally drive gas release and electrical stimulation. Here, we propose a “magnetoelectric massager” strategy based on alternating magnetic field (AMF)-triggered on-demand NO release and electrical stimulation to restore brain function in traumatic brain injury. The NO and electron transport system was constructed as a metal-organic framework (MOF)-derived molybdenum carbide octahedron (MoCx-Cu) and an NO donor (S-nitrosoglutathione, GSNO), which was embedded in an implantable silk in a microneedle. Under AMF irradiation, eddy currents on conductive MoCx-Cu induced NO release from GSNO through electrical stimulation, thereby significantly promoting the differentiation and growth of neural stem cell (NSC) synapses. A combined strategy of in vivo traumatic brain injury allows NO and electrical stimulation-mediated inhibition of inflammation, angiogenesis, and neuronal interrogation.

Original languageEnglish
Article number101935
JournalNano Today
Volume51
DOIs
StatePublished - 08 2023
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 Elsevier Ltd

Keywords

  • Magnetoelectric
  • Metal-organic frameworks
  • Nerve regeneration
  • Nitrogen oxide
  • Silk

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