Inhibition of platelet function by A02131-1, a novel inhibitor of cGMP-specific phosphodiesterase, in vitro and in vivo

Sheu Meei Yu*, Shen Yi Tsai, Sheng Chu Kuo, Jonathan T. Ou

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal Article peer-review

10 Scopus citations


The effect of A02131-1 [3-(5′-hydroxymethyl-2′-furyl)-1-benzyl thieno (3,2-c)pyrazole], a cGMP-specific phosphodiesterase (PDE) inhibitor, on platelet function was investigated. The compound was found to inhibit the aggregation of and adenosine triphosphate (ATP) release from human platelet-rich plasma and washed platelets that were induced by aggregation inducing drugs such as arachidonic acid (AA), collagen, U46619, platelet-activating factor (PAF), adenosine diphosphate (ADP) and A23187, and the inhibitory effect was concentration-dependent. A02131-1 also disaggregated the preformed platelet aggregates induced by these inducers. Thromboxane B2 (TXB2) formations caused by collagen, PAF, ADP, and A23187 were inhibited by A02131-1 at concentrations that did not affect the AA-induced formation of TXB2 and prostaglandin D2 (PGD2). A02131-1 suppressed both the generation of inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP3) and the increase of intracellular Ca2+ concentration stimulated by these aggregation inducers. A02131-1 was shown to increase the cAMP and cGMP levels in platelets and the extent was found to be dependent on concentration as well as time. A02131-1 increased the cAMP level much more slowly than the cGMP level. Activities of adenylate cyclase, guanylate cyclase, and PDEs (type I and III) were not altered by A02131-1. However, the activity of cGMP-specific PDE (type V) was inhibited by A02131-1. The antiplatelet aggregation activity and the effect on raising cAMP level of A02131-1 were both potentiated by prostaglandin E1 (PGE1). In the mouse tail bleeding test, A02131-1 was clearly shown to be more effective than dipyridamole in prolonging the tail bleeding time of conscious mice. These data indicate that A02131-1 is a cGMP-specific PDE (type V) inhibitor in human platelets.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3758-3767
Number of pages10
Issue number9
StatePublished - 01 05 1996


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