Involvement of p42/p44 MAPK, p38 MAPK, JNK and nuclear factor-kappa B in interleukin-1β-induced matrix metalloproteinase-9 expression in rat brain astrocytes

Cheng Ying Wu, Hsi Lung Hsieh, Mei Jie Jou, Chuen Mao Yang*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal Article peer-review

132 Scopus citations

Abstract

Matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-9 expression induced by interleukin-1β (IL-1β) was investigated in rat brain astrocyte-1 (RBA-1). Here we report that the mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) and nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB) pathways participate in the induction of MMP-9 expression by IL-1β. Zymographic, western blotting, and RT-PCR analyses showed that IL-1β increased expression of MMP-9 mRNA and protein, which were inhibited by inhibitors of MEK1/2 (U0126), p38 (SB202190), and JNK (SP600125). In accordance with these findings, IL-1β stimulated phosphorylation of p42/p44 MAPK, p38, and c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK), which was attenuated by U0126, SB202190, or SP600125, respectively. Furthermore, this up-regulation of MMP-9 mRNA and protein was blocked by a specific NF-κB inhibitor helenalin. Consistently, IL-1β-stimulated translocation of NF-κB into the nucleus and degradation of inhibitory kappa B-α (IκB-α) was revealed by western blotting and immunofluorescence staining, which was blocked by helenalin, but not by U0126, SB202190, or SP600125. Taken together, these results suggest that in RBA-1 cells, activation of p42/p44 MAPK, p38, JNK and NF-κB pathways is essential for IL-1β-induced MMP-9 gene expression via transcription and translation processes. An increased understanding of the signal transduction pathways involved in IL-1β-induced MMP-9 expression on RBA-1 may be of potential therapeutic value in the treatment of inflammatory disease.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1477-1488
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Neurochemistry
Volume90
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 09 2004

Keywords

  • Astrocytes
  • Interleukin-1β
  • Matrix metalloproteinases
  • Mitogen-activated protein kinases
  • Nuclear factor-kappa B

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