Ischemic Stroke Risk Associated with Mitochondrial Haplogroup F in the Asian Population

Meng Han Tsai, Chung Wen Kuo, Tsu Kung Lin, Chen Jui Ho, Pei-Wen Wang, Jiin-Haur Chuang, Chia Wei Liou

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal Article peer-review

11 Scopus citations


Mitochondrial dysfunction is involved in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis, the primary risk factor for ischemic stroke. This study aims to explore the role of mitochondrial genomic variations in ischemic stroke, and to uncover the nuclear genes involved in this relationship. Eight hundred and thirty Taiwanese patients with a history of ischemic stroke and 966 normal controls were genotyped for their mitochondrial haplogroup (Mthapg). Cytoplasmic hybrid cells (cybrids) harboring different Mthapgs were used to observe functional differences under hypoxia-ischemia. RNA sequencing (RNASeq) was conducted to identify the particularly elevated mRNA. The patient study identified an association between Mthapg F1 and risk of ischemic stroke (OR 1.72:1.27-2.34, p = 0.001). The cellular study further demonstrated an impeded induction of hypoxic inducible factor 1α in the Mthapg F1 cybrid after hypoxia-ischemia. Additionally, the study demonstrated that Mthapg F cybrids were associated with an altered mitochondrial function, including decreased oxygen consumption, higher mitochondrial ROS production, and lower mitochondrial membrane potential. Mthapg F cybrids were also noted to be prone to inflammation, with increased expression of several inflammatory cytokines and elevated matrix metalloproteinase 9. The RNASeq identified significantly elevated expressions of angiopoietin-like 4 in Mthapg F1 cybrids after hypoxia-ischemia. Our study demonstrates an association between Mthapg F and susceptibility to ischemic stroke.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1883
Issue number8
StatePublished - 11 08 2020


  • cybrid model
  • hypoxia-ischemia
  • ischemic stroke
  • mitochondrial DNA
  • transcriptome


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