K-ras mutation is strongly associated with perineural invasion and represents an independent prognostic factor of intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma after hepatectomy

Tse Ching Chen*, Yi Yin Jan, Ta Sen Yeh

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal Article peer-review

43 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Unsatisfying long-term survival of intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC) triggers the clinicians searching for molecular markers, such as K-ras mutation, to tailor management strategy. Additionally, emergence of tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) brings new hope to palliate advanced ICC; whether the efficacy of TKIs is influenced by k-ras mutation is largely unknown. This study was designed to determine the prevalence of k-ras mutation and its clinical significance in ICC, as well as to pave the reference for future application of TKIs. Methods: A total of 86 patients with ICC who underwent hepatectomy were retrospectively recruited. K-ras mutation was determined by using laser capture microdissection and direct sequencing method. Association among clinicopathological variables and K-ras mutation was analyzed. Prognostic factors of ICC after hepatectomy also were determined. Results: Nineteen (22%) patients exhibited K-ras mutations. Seventeen had their K-ras mutations occurring at codon 12, and the remaining two occurring at codon 13 and codon 61 in one each. Perineural invasion was exclusively the variable associated with K-ras mutation (odds ratio, 6.9) using logistic regression analysis. Multivariate analysis demonstrated that resection margin, T-status, nodal metastasis, and K-ras mutation were independent prognostic factors. The median survival of ICC patients with K-ras mutation was 5.7 months compared with 19.0 months in those without K-ras mutation (P = 0.002). Conclusions: The prevalence of K-ras mutations in a considerably large cohort of ICC was 22%. K-ras mutation is strongly associated with perineural invasion phenotypically. K-ras mutation is an independent prognostic factor of ICC after hepatectomy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)S675-S681
JournalAnnals of Surgical Oncology
Volume19
Issue numberSUPPL. 3
DOIs
StatePublished - 07 2012

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