Leukoencephalopathy associated with dialysis disequilibrium syndrome

Chih Hung Chang, Kao Tai Hsu, Chih Hsiung Lee, Yu Chang Lee, Terry Ting Yu Chiou, Chung Hua Chuang, Chien Te Lee, I. Kuan Wang, Yu Fan Cheng, Cheng Hsien Lu, Chien Chun Kuo, Feng Rong Chuang*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal Article peer-review

10 Scopus citations


Dialysis disequilibrium syndrome (DDS) is usually seen in severely uremic patients who are dialyzed aggressively. DDS mostly appeared within 24 hours after hemodialysis (HD) and may last for a few hours. This diagnosis is made by the exclusion of other causes including metabolic and intracranial events and has been recognized for more than 40 years. Few reports described the cerebral radiographic features associated with DDS. We present an 83-year-old uremic patient experiencing DDS at initial HD. DDS-related cerebral radiographic manifestations reported in the literature are reviewed, along with a discussion of the role of neuroimaging in the diagnosis of DDS.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)631-634
Number of pages4
JournalRenal Failure
Issue number5
StatePublished - 06 2007


  • Cerebral edema
  • Computed tomography
  • Disequilibrium syndrome
  • Leukoencephalopathy
  • Magnetic resonance imaging


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