Long-term outcomes of patients treated with primary stenting for transplant renal artery stenosis: A 10-year case cohort study

Chun Hung Su, Jong Da Lian, Horng Rong Chang, Sheng Wen Wu, Shiuan Chih Chen, Chin Feng Tsai, Pan Fu Kao, Kwo Chang Ueng*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal Article peer-review

26 Scopus citations


Background The purpose of the present study was to evaluate graft and patient survival and long-term outcomes of primary endoluminal stenting (PES) as an initial treatment for transplant renal artery stenosis (TRAS). Methods From December 1999 to March 2010, 744 consecutive patients undergoing renal transplantation were enrolled. Patients were divided into one of two groups: the study group, comprised of 18 patients who underwent PES for TRAS >60%, and a control group, including the remaining 726 recipients who did not develop TRAS post-transplantation. Primary outcome measures were death-censored graft failure and all-cause mortality. The immediate and long-term effects of PES were evaluated by assessing blood pressure (BP) control and biochemical graft function. Results The technical success rate for PES was 100%, and minor complication occurred in only one case (5.6% of the study group). With a mean follow-up of 7.1 ± 3.7 and 6.9 ± 2.4 years in the study and control groups, respectively, 4 patients in the study group and 113 patients in the control group reached the primary outcome (log rank P = 0.418). The reduction in stenosis resulted in immediate improvement in BP control and graft function, which persisted throughout the 6 year follow-up period. Restenosis occurred in only one patient (5.6%), but restenosis was not the cause of graft failure. Conclusions This study indicated that both the long-term graft and patient survival were as good in TRAS patients treated with PES as in patients without TRAS. The data also supported the use of PES as an initial treatment for TRAS.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)222-228
Number of pages7
JournalWorld Journal of Surgery
Issue number1
StatePublished - 01 2012
Externally publishedYes


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