Magnetism on Cu(001) due to a single transition-metal impurity

Chih Kai Yang*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal Article peer-review

2 Scopus citations


Our first principles calculation has shown that single 3d transition-metal atoms embedded in the surface layer of Cu(001) can have considerable magnetic moments. In addition, the Cu atoms closest to the impurity in the same layer also possess appreciable moment, which is not realized if the impurity is embedded in bulk Cu. The calculation indicates that intense d-d interaction and heavy charge exchange between the impurity and the host atoms occur in the surface layer, which therefore facilitates the enhancement of magnetism.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2973-2976
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of the Physical Society of Japan
Issue number9
StatePublished - 09 2000


  • 3d transition metals
  • Magnetic moment
  • Surface impurity


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