Male median raphe cysts: serial retrospective analysis and histopathological classification

I. Hung Shao, Tai Di Chen, Hsiang Te Shao, Hsiao Wen Chen*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal Article peer-review

48 Scopus citations


Background: To review the clinical and pathological characteristics of median raphe cysts and to classify the lesions according to pathogenesis and histopathological findings.Methods: The medical records of patients who were diagnosed with median raphe cysts between 2001 and 2010 were reviewed to document the clinical presentation and pathological findings of the cysts.Results: Most patients were asymptomatic; however, 9 patients had inflammatory or infectious cysts that were tender or painful. Four patients who had cysts on the parameatus and distal prepuce had difficulty voiding. Hematuria and hematospermia were noted in 2 cases. Thirty-one cysts were lined with an urothelium-like epithelium, and a squamous epithelium lining was found in 3 cases. In 2 cases, a well-formed mucinous glandular structure was observed. The other 20 cysts consisted of mixed epithelia. After excision of the cysts under local or general anesthesia, an urethral fistula developed as a complication in only 1 case.Conclusions: Median raphe cysts are benign lesions formed due to tissue trapping during the development of urethral folds. The cysts can be defined into 4 types based on pathological findings: urethral, epidermoid, glandular, and mixed. The associated symptoms and signs should be taken into consideration when determining the treatment for the cysts.Virtual slides: The virtual slide(s) for this article can be found here: http//

Original languageEnglish
Article number121
JournalDiagnostic Pathology
Issue number1
StatePublished - 14 09 2012


  • Genitoperineal cysts
  • Male genitalia cyst
  • Median raphe cyst
  • Paraurethral cyst
  • Pathological classification
  • Penile cyst


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