Management Consensus Guidelines for Hepatocellular Carcinoma: 2023 Update on Surveillance, Diagnosis, Systemic Treatment, and Posttreatment Monitoring by the Taiwan Liver Cancer Association and the Gastroenterological Society of Taiwan

On Behalf of Diagnosis Group and Systemic Therapy Group of TLCA

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal Article peer-review

Abstract

Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the leading cause of cancer-related mortality in Taiwan. The Taiwan Liver Cancer Association and the Gastroenterological Society of Taiwan established HCC management consensus guidelines in 2016 and updated them in 2023. Current recommendations focus on addressing critical issues in HCC management, including surveillance, diagnosis, systemic treatment, and posttreatment monitoring. For surveillance and diagnosis, we updated the guidelines to include the role of protein induced by vitamin K absence or antagonist II (PIVKA-II) and gadoxetic acid (Gd-EOB-DTPA)-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in detecting HCCs. For systemic treatment, the updated guidelines summarize the multiple choices available for targeted therapy, immune checkpoint inhibitors, and a combination of both, especially for those carcinomas refractory to or unsuitable for transarterial chemoembolization. We have added a new section, posttreatment monitoring, that describes the important roles of PIVKA-II and EOB-MRI after HCC therapy, including surgery, locoregional therapy, and systemic treatment. Through this update of the management consensus guidelines, patients with HCC may benefit from optimal diagnosis, therapeutic modalities, and posttreatment monitoring.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-19
Number of pages19
JournalLiver Cancer
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2024
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2024 The Author(s).

Keywords

  • Diagnosis
  • Guideline
  • Hepatocellular carcinoma
  • Posttreatment monitoring
  • Surveillance
  • Systemic treatment

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