Management of intractable post-adrenalectomy chylous ascites with microsurgical intra-abdominal lymphaticovenous anastomosis: A case report and literature review

Cheng Feng Chu, Chun Te Wu, Wei Chuan Hsieh, Jung Ju Huang*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal Article peer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Postoperative chylous ascites is a rare but highly morbid complication following thoracic or abdominal surgeries. Treatment options vary according to different clinical scenarios and facility equipment, but there is no standard guideline. We report a case of 46-year-old patient with chylous ascites after left laparoscopic adrenalectomy for metastatic lung cancer. The conservative treatments failed, included diet control, somatostatin provided and intranodal lymphangiography with lipiodol injection. Laparotomy was performed to explore the lymphatic vessel in the retroperitoneal area where a major and several small leaking holes were identified along the thoracic duct. The left gonadal vein was explored and transposed toward the lymphatic vessel. The lymphaticovenous anastomosis (LVA) was done using side (major leaking hole) to end (gonadal vein) fashion. The chylous leakage dropped from 2000 to 200 mL per day gradually within 10 days after LVA, and the patient was discharged uneventfully 30 days after the LVA surgery. He was followed at our clinic during the first postoperative 10 months without recurrent chylous ascites. This case demonstrates that microsurgical intervention with LVA to physiologically drain the chyle can be an optimal treatment for chylous ascites. A literature review was also conducted, and strategic management is proposed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)480-487
Number of pages8
JournalMicrosurgery
Volume41
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 07 2021

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