Maternal High-Fat Diet Controls Offspring Kidney Health and Disease

Hsi Yun Liu, Chen Hao Lee, Chien Ning Hsu*, You Lin Tain*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


A balanced diet during gestation is critical for fetal development, and excessive intake of saturated fats during gestation and lactation is related to an increased risk of offspring kidney disease. Emerging evidence indicates that a maternal high-fat diet influences kidney health and disease of the offspring via so-called renal programming. This review summarizes preclinical research documenting the connection between a maternal high-fat diet during gestation and lactation and offspring kidney disease, as well as the molecular mechanisms behind renal programming, and early-life interventions to offset adverse programming processes. Animal models indicate that offspring kidney health can be improved via perinatal polyunsaturated fatty acid supplementation, gut microbiota changes, and modulation of nutrient-sensing signals. These findings reinforce the significance of a balanced maternal diet for the kidney health of offspring.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2698
Issue number12
StatePublished - 09 06 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 by the authors.


  • developmental origins of health and disease (DOHaD)
  • high-fat diet
  • hypertension
  • kidney disease
  • lipid
  • polyunsaturated fatty acid
  • reprogramming
  • Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects
  • Fatty Acids
  • Maternal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena
  • Humans
  • Rats
  • Diet, High-Fat/adverse effects
  • Rats, Sprague-Dawley
  • Hypertension/etiology
  • Kidney
  • Pregnancy
  • Animals
  • Female


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