Mechanisms mediating the effects of IL-3 gene expression on tumor growth

Y. Z. Wu, J. H. Hong, H. H. Huang, G. J. Dougherty, W. H. McBride, C. S. Chiang*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal Article peer-review

3 Scopus citations


IL-3 gene expression within tumors leads to host-cell infiltration, particularly by macrophages, slower tumor growth, and enhanced immunegenicity. Surprisingly, tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs) from within FSAN-JmIL3 tumors had decreased expression of TNF-α and iNOS. On short-term culture, TAMs from FSAN-JmIL3 tumors regained their capacity to produce TNF-α and NO, indicating that they were primed in vivo. In vitro experiments were unable to demonstrate differences between FSAN-JmIL3 and FSAN tumor cells in their ability to stimulate TNF-α production by TAMs. In the absence of evidence that TASM activation was responsible for the slower growth of FSAN-JmIL3 tumors, the response of tumor cells to these effector molecules was studied. TNF-α and NO were cytotoxic for FSAN-JmIL3 cells but growth stimnlatory for FSAN. These tumor-related phenotypic changes may contribute as much if not more than functional changes in host infiltrating cells to the slower growth of FSAN-JmIL3 tumors in vivo.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)890-896
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Leukocyte Biology
Issue number6
StatePublished - 2000
Externally publishedYes


  • Cytokine
  • INOS
  • Immunotherapy
  • NO
  • TNF


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