Methods for Collection of Extracellular Vesicles and Their Content RNA as Liquid Biopsy for Lung Cancer Detection: Application of Differential Centrifugation and Annexin A5 Coated Beads

Mei Chia Wang, Guan Yu Gong, Chih Liang Wang, How Wen Ko, Rong Xuan Weng, Pi Yueh Chang, Chiuan Chian Chiou*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal Article peer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Extracellular vesicles (EVs) contain abundant extracellular RNA (exRNA), which can be a valuable source of liquid biopsy. However, as various RNA species exist in different types of EVs, lack of detailed characterization of these RNA species and efficient collection methods limits the clinical application of exRNA. In the present study, we measured two mRNAs, CK19 and PCTK1; one lncRNA, MALAT1; and two miRNAs, miR21 and miR155, in different EV fractions separated by differential centrifugation or captured by magnetic beads coated with annexin A5 (ANX beads). The results showed that in a cultured medium, the majority of mRNA and lncRNA exist in larger EVs, whereas miRNA exist in both large and small EVs from the differential centrifugation fractions. All these RNA species exist in ANX beads captured EVs. We then used ANX beads to capture EVs in plasma samples from non-small-cell lung cancer patients and age-matched healthy volunteers. We found that the ANX bead capturing could efficiently improve RNA detection from human plasma, compared with direct extraction of RNA from plasma. Using ANX-bead capturing and reverse transcription and quantitative PCR, we detected significantly higher levels of CK19 mRNA, MALAT1 lncRNA, and miR155 miRNA in the plasma of lung cancer patients. These facts suggested the collection methods strongly affect the results of exRNA measurement from EVs, and that ANX beads can be a useful tool for detecting exRNA from plasma samples in clinical application.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2374-2386
Number of pages13
JournalCurrent Issues in Molecular Biology
Volume44
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 05 2022

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.

Keywords

  • annexin A5 beads
  • extracellular RNA
  • extracellular vesicles
  • liquid biopsy
  • non-small-cell lung cancer

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