MiR-122 marks the differences between subcutaneous and visceral adipose tissues and associates with the outcome of bariatric surgery

Chien Hung Liao, Chao Yung Wang, Keng Hau Liu, Yu Yin Liu, Ming Shien Wen, Ta Sen Yeh*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal Article peer-review

24 Scopus citations

Abstract

The physiological roles and clinical impacts of the differences between visceral fat (VF) and subcutaneous fat (SF) are unclear. The present study aimed to compare the miRNA signatures between visceral fat (VF) and subcutaneous fat (SF) and study their influences on outcomes of bariatric surgery. To study the microRNA signatures of the VF and SF in obesity, we performed paired microRNA arrays of the adipose tissues from 20 bariatric surgery patients. The microRNA analysis identified miR-122 as the most significant signature between VF and SF. The tissue distribution, functions, and influences on adipogensis of miR-122 were analysed by Northern blotting, microRNA mimics and inhibitors, and whole-genome microarray analysis. The outcomes of body weight changes after bariatric surgery were analysed and correlated with the miR-122 abundances. Northern blotting confirmed that miR-122 was highly expressed in VF and SF. Bioinformatics analysis of the microarray revealed that proliferator activator receptor-γ (PPAR-γ) signalling was critically affected by miR-122. The modulation of PPAR-γ by miR-122 was confirmed in murine adipocytes and human adipose tissues. Furthermore, the differentiation of preadipocytes was significantly influenced by miR-122. In obese patients receiving bariatric surgery, the ratio of VF and SF miR-122 abundance correlated with 6-month and 1-year % excess body weight loss. Our findings indicate that miR-122 is highly expressed in adipose tissue. The abundance of miR-122 affects PPAR-γ signalling and adipocytes differentiation in vitro and human adipose tissues. Higher miR-122 in VF may be associated with greater body weight loss after bariatric surgery.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)570-577
Number of pages8
JournalObesity Research and Clinical Practice
Volume12
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 01 11 2018

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2018 Asia Oceania Association for the Study of Obesity

Keywords

  • Adipose tissue
  • Bariatric surgery
  • PPAR-γ
  • miRNA

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