Motorcycle-related hospitalizations of the elderly

Ching Hua Hsieh*, Hang Tsung Liu, Shiun Yuan Hsu, Hsiao Yun Hsieh, Yi Chun Chen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal Article peer-review

82 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background To investigate the injury pattern, mechanisms, severity, and mortality of the elderly hospitalized for treatment of trauma following motorcycle accidents. Methods Motorcycle-related hospitalization of 994 elderly and 5078 adult patients from the 16,548 hospitalized patients registered in the Trauma Registry System between January 1, 2009 and December 31, 2013. Results The motorcycle-related elderly trauma patients had higher injury severity, less favorable outcomes, higher proportion of patients admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU), prolonged hospital and ICU stays and higher mortality than those adult motorcycle riders. It also revealed that a significant percentage of elderly motorcycle riders do not wear a helmet. Compared to patients who had worn a helmet, patients who had not worn a helmet had a lower first Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) score, and a greater percentage presented with unconscious status (GCS score ≤8), had sustained subdural hematoma, subarachnoid hemorrhage, cerebral contusion, severe injury (injury severity score 16–24 and ≥25), had longer hospital stay and higher mortality, and had required admission to the ICU. Conclusions Elderly motorcycle riders tend to present with a higher injury severity, worse outcome, and a bodily injury pattern differing from that of adult motorcycle riders, indicating the need to emphasize use of protective equipment, especially helmets, to reduce their rate and severity of injury.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)121-128
Number of pages8
JournalBiomedical Journal
Volume40
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 01 04 2017

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2017 Chang Gung University

Keywords

  • Elderly
  • Helmet
  • Injury Severity Score (ISS)
  • Mortality
  • Motorcycle

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