MRI findings of cancers preoperatively diagnosed as pure DCIS at core needle biopsy

Yu Ting Huang, Yun Chung Cheung*, Yung Feng Lo, Shir Hwa Ueng, Wen Ling Kuo, Shin Cheh Chen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal Article peer-review

18 Scopus citations


Background: Under-estimation of invasion components occur occasionally at core needle diagnosed ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) that may change the prognosis or treatment planning. Purpose: To determine whether enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) features of biopsy-proven ductal cancers in situ help predict the under-estimation of invasive breast cancers. Material and Methods: After a retrospective review of the enhanced MRI features on preoperative proven breast ductal cancers in situ by biopsy, tumor morphology (mass and non-mass), enhancing curve patterns, and non-mass enhanced appearances were compared between pure ductal cancers in situ and invasive ductal cancers (IDCs) after surgery. A statistical analysis was performed, and P values <0.05 were deemed significant. Results: Twenty-five breast cancers from 24 women were analyzed. Eleven DCIS remained as DCISs, and 14 were upgraded to IDC after surgery. Eight of 14 IDCs (57%) and one of 11 DCISs (9%) presented as mass lesions; otherwise six (43%) IDCs and 10 (91%) DCISs were non-mass lesions (P = 0.013). Among the non-mass cancers, six of 10 DCISs (60%) were focally enhanced and six of 6 IDCs (100%) were segmentally enhanced. The overall cancer sizes measured on enhanced MRI were moderately correlated with histopathology, with a Spearman's rank correlation coefficient of 0.656 (P = 0.001). The mean diameter of the IDCs was larger than that of the pure DCISs on enhanced MRI (2.69±1.42 cm for IDC and 1.62±1.03 cm for DCIS; P = 0.048). The cutoff size was optimally selected at 1.95 cm with a 64% sensitivity and a 77% specificity, using a receiveroperating characteristic curve. The enhancement curves, with washout or persistent rising, were statistically insignificant (P = 0.085 and 0.93, respectively). Conclusion: Enhanced MRI provided informative morphology and size features that might help to predict the underestimation of invasiveness in preoperative biopsy-proven DCIS.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1064-1068
Number of pages5
JournalActa Radiologica
Issue number10
StatePublished - 12 2011


  • Breast cancer
  • Breast cancer biopsy
  • Breastenhanced features
  • Ductal carcinoma in situ
  • Magnetic resonance imaging
  • Preoperative breast planning


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