Neurocognitive Performance and Behavioral Symptoms in Patients with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder During Twenty-Four Months of Treatment with Methylphenidate

Liang Jen Wang, Chih Ken Chen, Yu Shu Huang*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal Article peer-review

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: This study investigated the trends in neurocognitive function and behavioral symptoms among patients with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) during 24 months of treatment with methylphenidate in a clinical setting. Methods: Study participants consisted of 181 ADHD patients with a mean age of 13.4±2.5 years (ages ranged from 8 to 18 years; 151 boys and 30 girls) who were prescribed oral short-acting methylphenidate two or three times daily, with each dose ranging between 0.3 and 1.0mg/kg. At baseline and 6, 12, 18, and 24 months from baseline, neurocognitive function was assessed using the Test of Variables of Attention (TOVA) on the day the patient was off medication, and behavioral symptoms were evaluated using the Swanson, Nolan, and Pelham Version IV Scale for ADHD (SNAP-IV) parent form, the SNAP-IV teacher form, and the ADHD-Rating Scale (completed by a child psychiatrist). Results: Of the 181 ADHD patients at the initial visit, 103 (56.9%) completed the study. During the 24-month methylphenidate treatment, only the commission errors in TOVA significantly improved; however, the omission errors, response time, response time variability, response sensitivity, and ADHD score did not. The behavioral symptoms of ADHD, observed by various informants, all declined substantially, and were significantly correlated with each other during the long-term follow-up. The severity of teacher ratings was lower than that of parent and psychiatrist ratings. However, the teacher-rated inattention symptoms showed the strongest correlations with TOVA performance. Conclusions: Findings suggest that neurocognitive deficits in ADHD patients, except inhibition ability, might be long lasting in realistic settings. In addition, obtaining behavior profile assessments from multiple informants, especially from teachers, is vital for establishing a complete understanding of ADHD patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)246-253
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology
Volume25
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 01 04 2015

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© Copyright 2015, Mary Ann Liebert, Inc.

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Neurocognitive Performance and Behavioral Symptoms in Patients with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder During Twenty-Four Months of Treatment with Methylphenidate'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this