New-Onset Atrial Fibrillation in Patients With Type 2 Diabetes Treated With Novel Glucose-Lowering Therapies

Fu Chih Hsiao, Kun Chi Yen, Tze Fan Chao, Shao Wei Chen, Yi Hsin Chan*, Pao Hsien Chu*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal Article peer-review

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

Context: Whether sodium-glucose cotransporter 2 inhibitors (SGLT2is) are associated with lower risk of new-onset atrial fibrillation (AF) compared with glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonists (GLP-1RAs) in patients with type 2 diabetes was unknown. Objective: We aimed to determine the comparative risk of new-onset AF with SGLT2is vs GLP-1RAs in Asian patients with type 2 diabetes in a real-world setting. Methods: We used medical data from a multicenter health care provider in Taiwan and enrolled 16 566 and 2746 patients treated with an SGLT2i and a GLP-1RA, respectively, from January 1, 2016, to December 31, 2018. Propensity score weighting was used to balance the baseline covariates. The patients were followed from the drug index date until the occurrence of new-onset AF or the end of the follow-up period. Results: In this study, 54%, 45%, and 1% of the SGLT2i group patients were treated with empagliflozin, dapagliflozin, and canagliflozin, respectively, and 65% and 35% of the GLP-1RA group patients were treated with liraglutide and dulaglutide, respectively. SGLT2is were associated with lower risk of new-onset AF compared with GLP-1RAs after inverse probability of treatment weighting (subdistribution hazard ratio: 0.72; 95% CI, 0.54-0.97; P = 0.028). Subgroup analysis revealed that this finding was consistent among the following high-risk subgroups: older patients, female patients, and patients with cardiovascular disease or chronic kidney disease. Conclusion: SGLT2is were associated with lower risk of new-onset AF compared with GLP-1RAs among patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus in a real-world practice.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2493-2499
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
Volume107
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - 01 09 2022

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 The Author(s). Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Endocrine Society. All rights reserved.

Keywords

  • 1 receptor agonists
  • glucagon
  • glucose cotransporter 2 inhibitors
  • like peptide
  • new
  • onset atrial fibrillation
  • sodium
  • type 2 diabetes

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